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June 2024
Nature Communications. - 15(2024), Art. 4781

A candidate sex determination locus in amphibians which evolved by structural variation between X- and Y-chromosomes

Heiner Kuhl; Wen Hui Tan; Christophe Klopp; Wibke Kleiner; Baturalp Koyun; Mitica Ciorpac; Romain Feron; Martin Knytl; Werner Kloas; Manfred Schartl; Christoph Winkler; Matthias Stöck

The authors have identified a gene locus responsible for sex determination in the European green toad. This reveals only the second known genetic mechanism for sex differentiation in amphibians.

Nature_Ecology&Evolution
May 2024
Nature Ecology & Evolution. - XX(2024), XX

Inland navigation and land use interact to impact European freshwater biodiversity

Aaron N. Sexton, Jean-Nicolas Beisel, Cybill Staentzel, Christian Wolter, Evelyne Tales, Jérôme Belliard, Anthonie D. Buijse, Vanesa Martínez Fernández, Karl M. Wantzen, Sonja C. Jähnig, Carlos Garcia de Leaniz, Astrid Schmidt-Kloiber, Peter Haase, Marie Anne Eurie Forio, Gait Archambaud, Jean-François Fruget, Alain Dohet, Vesela Evtimova, Zoltán Csabai, Mathieu Floury, Peter Goethals, Gábor Várbiró, Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles, Aitor Larrañaga, Anthony Maire, Ralf B. Schäfer, James S. Sinclair, Rudy Vannevel, Ellen A. R. Welti & Alienor Jeliazkov

Using a comprehensive set of long-term data, the authors show that shipping has contributed to a significant loss of biodiversity of fish and macroinvertebrates in European rivers in recent decades – and that the animal communities are becoming increasingly homogeneous and river-typical species are being lost. Invasive species, on the other hand, are significantly increasing. 

People_and_Nature
May 2024
People and Nature. - 6(2024)2, 435-445

The potential of citizen science to transform science: Lessons for a sustainable future

K. Austen; A. Janssen; J. M. Wittmayer; F. Hölker

The authors analysed 8 citizen science projects within Accelerator Programme of the EU H2020 funded ACTION project that deal with environmental pollution. Citizen science involves the public in the scientific process, making research more relevant and responsive. Our findings show that this can lead to a more sustainable future, where science and society work together to solve pressing problems.

May 2024
Journal of Hydrology. - 636(2024), Art. 131339

Long-term drought effects on landscape water storage and recovery under contrasting landuses

Shuxin Luo; Doerthe Tetzlaff; Aaron Smith; Chris Soulsby

Process-based, tracer-aided ecohydrological modelling and ML were combined to estimate the effects of long-term drought on water fluxes/storage in the Spree catchment. The recent major droughts resulted in declines in groundwater recharge (>40 %), evapotranspiration (up to 16 %) and soil moisture (up to 6 %). Groundwater levels may not recover in 15 years if precipitation anomalies persist.

May 2024
Nature Food. - XX(2024)X, XX-XX

Inland recreational fisheries contribute nutritional benefits and economic value but are vulnerable to climate change

Abigail J. Lynch; Holly S. Embke; Elizabeth A. Nyboer; Louisa E. Wood; Andy Thorpe; Sui C. Phang; Daniel F. Viana; Christopher D. Golden; Marco Milardi; Robert Arlinghaus; Claudio Baigun; T. Douglas Beard Jr.; Steven J. Cooke; Ian G. Cowx; John D. Koehn; Roman Lyach; Warren Potts; Ashley M. Robertson; Josef Schmidhuber; Olaf L. F. Weyl

The research team estimates that recreational fishing in lakes and rivers accounts for more than 11 per cent of the annually reported catches in inland fisheries worldwide. The analyzed total consumption value of harvested fish is around 10 billion US dollars per year. Due to climate change and direct human impacts on freshwater ecosystems, the productivity of important fish species is declining.

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